Our Gastroenterology Blog

Posts for category: GI Treatments

By Kamran Ayub, MD, MRCP
January 14, 2021
Category: GI Treatments
Tags: Polyps  

Colonoscopies make it easy to spot polyps in the lining of your lower small intestine and large intestine, commonly called the colon. Although polyps can often be removed during a colonoscopy, your Orland Park, Frankfort, Joliet, Oak Lawn, and New Lenox, IL, gastroenterologist, Dr. Kamran Ayub, may need to use another procedure to remove difficult polyps.

What are difficult polyps?

A polyp may be described as difficult or complex if it:

  • Is larger than two centimeters (about the size of a cherry)
  • Is too flat or in a hard-to-reach area
  • Has large arteries that could bleed too much

Polyps can be benign (non-cancerous), pre-cancerous, or cancerous. Unfortunately, there's no way to tell for sure if a polyp is cancerous or pre-cancerous unless it's removed and sent to a laboratory for evaluation.

How can difficult polyps be removed?

Removing difficult polyps used to involve major surgery in the Orland Park, Frankfort, Joliet, Oak Lawn, and New Lenox areas. Fortunately, two non-surgical options are available today. You'll need to clear your bowels just like you did for your colonoscopy if your gastroenterologist will be performing either endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).

During EMR, your doctor will insert a flexible endoscopic probe with a lighted camera through your anus just as he did during your colonoscopy. The camera transmits images of the colon or lower part of your small intestine to a digital screen. Once your gastroenterologist locates the polyp, he will inject fluid under it to lift it away from the lining of the colon and make it easier to remove. He'll use tiny surgical tools to remove the growth and stop any bleeding.

If your polyp is deeply embedded, ESD may be a better option. This procedure also makes it easier to separate the polyp from the colon or small intestine and remove it without damaging the lining.

Depending on your results, you may need a follow-up colonoscopy in a few months and more frequent colonoscopies in the future.

Do you have a difficult polyp? If you live in the Orland Park, Frankfort, Joliet, Oak Lawn, and New Lenox, IL, areas, Dr. Kamran Ayub can recommend a procedure to remove your polyps. Call him at (708) 475-5233 to schedule your appointment.

By Kamran Ayub, MD, MRCP
December 11, 2020
Category: GI Treatments
Tags: Acid Reflux  

Do you struggle with frequent heartburn and other symptoms of acid reflux? Your Joliet, Oak Lawn, and Lenox, IL, gastroenterologist, Dr. Kamran Ayub, can offer guidance and treatments that relieve your symptoms and prevent acid reflux flare-ups.

Heartburn isn't the only symptom of acid reflux

Heartburn often occurs when you have acid reflux, but it's far from the only symptom. The trouble starts when stomach acids flow backward into your esophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. This backward flow can occur if the sphincter at the bottom of the esophagus doesn't close completely.

The acids irritate the sensitive lining of your esophagus, causing an uncomfortable burning sensation in your chest. Other symptoms of acid reflux can include belching, a full feeling in your upper abdomen, hoarseness, laryngitis, or worsening asthma. A lump-in-the-throat sensation, a sore throat, excess saliva, and a bad taste in your mouth can also occur if you have acid reflux. Side effects from some medications may increase your risk of acid reflux.

How you can relieve and reduce acid reflux symptoms

Taking a few of these steps can be helpful if you have acid reflux:

  • Lose Weight: Extra pounds may press against your stomach, forcing acids back into the esophagus. Losing even a few pounds may offer a simple way to prevent acid reflux:
  • Change Your Eating Habits: Fried, fatty, and acidic foods can trigger acid reflux, as can caffeine, alcohol, garlic, and onions. Eliminating these foods, or at least limiting them, may help you avoid painful heartburn.
  • Don't Lie Down or Exercise After Eating: Avoid lying down for at least two hours after eating. Vigorous exercise may also cause reflux. It's best to schedule exercise sessions before mealtimes.

See Your Gastroenterologist if acid reflux happens often

If making a few changes doesn't improve your symptoms, it's a good idea to pay a visit to the Oak Lawn, Joliet, or Lenox, IL, gastroenterology office. Frequent heartburn may be a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disorder GERD), a condition that affects about 20 percent of people in the U.S., according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Your gastroenterologist may recommend an endoscopy to help him determine the cause of your symptoms and recommend the best treatment for you. The minimally invasive test allows him to view the lining of your esophagus and stomach using digital technology. Prescription and non-prescription medications that reduce or block acid production are often used to treat acid reflux.

Is acid reflux a frequent problem for you? Call (708) 475-5233 to schedule an appointment with your gastroenterologist in Joliet, Oak Lawn, and Lenox, IL, Dr. Ayub.